JNTUK R20 1-1 Engineering Geology Material | Notes PDF

JNTUK 1-1 Engineering Geology Material/Notes Download

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Students studying JNTUK Civil Branch can download Unitwise JNTUK R20 1-1 Engineering Geology Material 

  1. Introduce the course: Engineering Geology for Civil Engineering graduates.
  2. Students will be able to understand the formation of minerals and rocks and how they are identified.
  3. To emphasize the importance/role of Engineering Geology in Civil Engineering Structures construction.
  4. This enables students to understand the importance and application of Engineering Geology in Civil Engineering constructions.

Introduction: Geology, Importance, and Use of Geology in Civil Engineering. Includes case studies.
Weathering – Weathering of rocks, Geological agent, weathering process for Rock, Rivers, and geological work on rivers.

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Mineralogy and Petrology Definitions of rock and mineral- Different ways of studying minerals and rocks. The physical properties of rocks and minerals can be studied megascopically for the following rocks and minerals.
Common rock-forming minerals: Feldspar, Quartz Group, Olivine, Augite, Hornblende, Mica Group, Asbestos, Talc, Chlorite Kyanite Garnet, Calcite and ore minerals that form rocks comprise Pyrite, Hematite, Magnetite, Chlorite, Galena, Pyrolusite, Graphite, Chromite, Magnetite and Bauxite. The classification of structures, texture and types of Igneous rocks Sedimentary rocks Metamorphic rocks and their study of the granite varieties (pink, grey, green, and pink). Pegmatite, Dolerite, Basalt and more., Shale, Sand Stone, Lime Stone, Laterite, Quartzite, Gneiss, Schist, Marble, Khondalite and Slate.

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Structural Geology Strike Study, Dip, and Outcrop of common geological structures associated with rocks like Folds, Faults, Joints and UnconformitiesTypes of parts mechanisms, and their significance for Civil Engineering.

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Ground Water: Water table Cone of depression Geological controls on the ground Water Movement, Ground Water Exploration Techniques.
Earthquakes, Land Slides and earthquakes Definition classification, causes and effects Shield zones and Seismic bells Richter scale intensity precautions for building constructions in seismic zones. Classification of Landslides Causes and Effects and measures to take to prevent their occurrence Landslides.
Geophysics: Importance of Geophysical methods, Classification principles of Geophysical research using Gravity method, Magnetic method Electric methods, Seismic techniques, radiometric methods, Seismic refraction, electrical resistance methods, and engineering characteristics of rocks.

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The Geology behind Dams, Reservoirs and Tunnels: Types and purpose of Dams Geological considerations in the choice of the Dam site. Geology is a factor in the construction of reservoirs and the life span of Reservoirs. Effects of Tunnelling and its purpose and lining of Tunnels. The influence of geology on successful Tunnelling.

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  • “Engineering Geology” by Subinoy Gangopadhyay. Oxford University Press.
  • “Engineering Geology” written by D. Venkat Reddy, Vikas Publishing House Pvt. Ltd, 2013.
  • “Engineering Geology” in N. Chenn kesavulu, Trinity Press (Laxmi Publications) 2nd Edition, 2014.
  • “Engineering Geology” written by Vasudev Kanithi. University Press.


  1. “Engineering Geology for Civil Engineers”, by P.C. Varghese PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
  2. “Geology for Engineers and Environmental Society Alan E. Kehew, published by person publications, 3rd edition
  3. “Fundamentals of Engineering Geology” from P.G.Bell, B.S.P. Publications, 2012.
  4. “Engineering Geology” by V.Parthesarathi and co., Wiley Publications
  5. “Environmental Geology” is written by K.S.Valdiya, McGraw Hill Publications 2nd Edition.


  • Classify and identify the minerals found in the earth’s crust
  • Test the rock strengths of different rocks
  • Recognize and measure zones prone to earthquakes in order to test the zonation of hazards
  • Monitor, classify and quantify the subsidence and landslides.
  • Prepares, analyzes and interprets Engineering Geologic maps, analyzes and interprets Engineering Geologic maps
  • Analyzes ground conditions using geophysical surveys.
  • Test the geological materials and ground to verify the quality of the civil engineering project construction.
  • Explore the project’s website for mini or mega-civil engineering projects. Site selection for mega engineering projects like Dams, Tunnels, disposal sites etc.

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