Vivah Panchami 2023: Date, Rituals, Celebrations, and Significance Explained

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Vivah Panchami is a significant day that commemorates the celestial marriage of Lord Rama and Sita. It holds immense importance for Hindus, with the event scheduled to begin on December 16, 2023, at 02:30 PM and conclude on December 17, 2023, at 12:03 PM.

Vivah Panchami 2023 Date

Vivah Panchami is a significant Hindu festival that commemorates the sacred marriage of Lord Rama and Goddess Sita. It occurs on the fifth day (Panchami) of the bright fortnight (Shukla Paksha) in the Hindu month of Margashirsha, similar to November or December in the Gregorian calendar. This day marks the anniversary of their union. Vivah Panchami 2023 will be celebrated from Saturday, December 16, at 2:30 PM to Sunday, December 17, at 12:30 PM.


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History Behind Vivah Panchami Explained

The folklore narrates King Janak’s desire for the most fortunate suitor for his daughter. King Janak, Sita’s father, challenged potential suitors to string Lord Shiva’s immense bow as a test of their worthiness.

Warriors, kinsmen, and chieftains from distant places attempted, yet none could lift the bow. It was a requirement for marriage to Sita that involved breaking Lord Shiva’s exceedingly heavy bow.

King Rama, demonstrating his strength, effortlessly shattered the bow, thus earning the right to marry Sita. The epic Ramayana vividly describes their grand wedding, involving Sita’s cousins Lakshman, Bharat, and Shatrughan.

Why Vivah Panchami Holds Importance

Vivah Panchami holds tremendous significance, as depicted in the Ramayana. It recounts Lord Ram’s visit to Janakpur, the birthplace of Goddess Sita, where he shattered Lord Shiva’s bow during the ‘Margashira’ festival and subsequently married Sita.

Worshipers honor the divine union of Lord Rama and Devi Sita on Vivah Panchami to immortalize this sacred ceremony. They believe that performing Vishnu puja brings tranquility and wealth.

Why Getting Married on Vivah Panchami Is Forbidden?

Vivah Panchami, observed at Ayodhya and Ram temples, signifies the auspicious union of Lord Shri Ram and Mother Sita. However, due to the hardships endured during Ram and Sita’s exile, this day is not considered auspicious for Hindu marriages. It is believed that a girl married on this day may encounter similar struggles and difficulties.

Vivah Panchami 2023: Traditions, Rituals, and Celebrations Explained

The celebration involves cultural events intertwined with religious traditions. Plays, processions depicting Lord Rama’s life, and cultural events are organized in various regions, fostering unity and devotion within the community.

Devotees start the day by bathing and donning fresh attire. Many observe a day-long fast, seeking blessings from Lord Rama and Sita for a harmonious married life. Elaborate ceremonies in Rama temples include adorning the divine pair with exquisite attire and jewelry. Reciting passages from the epic Ramayana is considered virtuous on this auspicious day.

Gathering to hear captivating stories of the divine couple’s love and dedication, devotees engage in festivities that promote goodwill. Acts of compassion, such as offering food, clothing, and essentials to the underprivileged, reflect the spirit of the occasion.

Pilgrims flock to revered Rama temples like Janaki Mandir in Janakpur, Nepal, and Rameswaram Temple in Tamil Nadu, India, to participate in special prayers and witness grand processions reenacting the divine marriage.

Advantages of Celebrating Vivah Panchami Explained

Performing a pooja on Vivah Panchami might aid in resolving potential marriage issues, as worship on this day is believed to possess the power to dissolve such problems. Worshiping the amalgamated form of Mata Sita and Lord Shri Ram is said to invite their blessings and remove obstacles from one’s marriage.

Moreover, singing Bala Kanda’s Path plays a significant role in the idols’ marriage ritual. Reciting the Ramcharitmanas is also believed to promote a harmonious family life.

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